Undercover Investigations on Live Animal Transportation

Imagine being treated like a piece of cargo. Transported for days, even weeks on end simply to meet an often-brutal fate.  This is the reality of the cruel live animal transportation.

We are the first organization to expose the illegal and inhumane transportation of livestock that were unseen every single day. No legal processing, no border check-points, no checking up on the bleeding, dying animals, just because they are animals headed to slaughter.

Among various campaigns conducted by Sneha’s Care, ban long distance live animal transportation falls under a major campaign. In the year 2054 B.S., live animal transportation criteria had been prepared and in 2064 B.S.(2007 A.D.), amendments were added. But, the criteria and standard remained in the form of paper only. During the animal transportation, the rules and regulations were not implemented. There was no improvement in the condition of those buffaloes being transported. Hence, as a result, Sneha’s Care exposed the cruelty of animals during the transport in the year 2017.

In a single truck, around 32-40 buffaloes used to be squeezed inside a congested space making their noses and tails tied. To stop them from sitting down, 2 people used to stay with them just to beat them with sticks. While traveling, some used to have broken horns, legs and bleeding from their nose, some used to have bruises over their body by sliding skin with one another in a congested space. Despite the Animal Transportation Act and standards made, it is not taken seriously which is a shameful thing for a nation. This shows that laws have no value in our country.

Sneha’s Care has been fighting and creating awareness about stopping animal cruelty since 2016 by conducting various campaigns. Making the drivers, herders, ranchers and associated bodies, we have been raising awareness to follow the criteria implemented for animal transportation. We also have conducted workshops by making stakeholders, Nepal Police, Nepal Traffic Police, Animal Quarantine, Animal Welfare Council and all the concerned bodies to attend the workshop.

As a result, Animal Quarantine formed a committee where Sneha’s Care is one of the members of the committee. In order to make people follow all the standards and to make sure animals don’t suffer, Sneha’s Care has been working towards this campaign for a long time. More than a decade ago, Nepal established the Animal Transportation Standard, which ensures that animals will be transported with the appropriate care and in fully equipped trucks with enough room for them. Articles 15, 16, and 17 of Animal Transportation Standards, 2064, clearly state the provision regarding the means of transportation for animals. In reality, this standard is not often followed in Nepal because there are no enforcement authorities working to enforce it.

Inhumane conditions are used to transfer numerous animals to our nation’s capital from various places for a variety of purposes. They have no room to sit or move around. Animals are confined to a tight space and are forcefully bound with ropes from head to tail while riding in trucks, keeping them immobile for long periods of time. Although there are laws against it, they are neither enforced nor checked. Ban Live Animal Transportation campaign was started by Sneha’s Care in 2017, with a focus on outlawing the transport of animals from Nepal’s lowlands to the nation’s capital in a cruel way. Since the program’s commencement, we have trained government representatives on how to properly manage the transportation of animals. We have also assisted enforcement agencies by setting up checkpoints and by providing necessary materials. Sneha’s Care wants to make this program available to all provinces nationwide and put a stop to animal cruelty in transportation.

Sneha’s Care aims to expand this program nationwide in all provinces and envisage ending cruelty from animal transportation.


Our Attempts to Ban Long Distance Live Animal Transportation:

Every morning, thousands of buffaloes are illegally transported to the city from the borders beyond capacity of transport vehicles, overcrowded, and often mixed with sick and injured animals. The whole journey is cruel and painful to the innocent animals. Sneha’s Care has been campaigning for awareness and advocating for stricter laws and alternatives to Live Animal Transportation, collaborating with international organizations, and monitoring animal quarantine check posts. Violations of government standards during transportation were found, including overcrowding, lack of food and water, use of ropes causing injuries , mixing animals of different ages and physical conditions causing stress, over stacking of goats leading to suffocation and exhaustion and unmanaged execution processes.

Our team investigate every week visiting the Kathmandu checkpoint to check whether the animals are being transported by following the animal transportation guidelines. The truck drivers, herders and ranchers are told about the guidelines and awareness is given on how the criteria of animals should be transported without harming them. We have been lobbying with the concerned stakeholders but till date, the acts have not yet been put into effect. These issue needs to gain the attention of concerned bodies so we have been posting an awareness campaign in our social media too. Everyone, people consuming meat and momos need to know about this matter of animal sufferings and we are trying our best to reach out to more people to end their sufferings.


Story of NOLA and CARYL:
From torture and abuse to a fear-free life: this has been the journey of Nola and Caryl.

Nola and Caryl were being transported from Sarlahi to Kathmandu in a vehicle in an inhuman manner. The capacity to fit inside the vehicle was of just one buffalo but 6 of them were being transported. They were kept in a congested space, with their nose and legs tied tightly and during the transport(11-12 hours), some of them were bleeding from their nose, had broken horns and wounds on their body.  Out of 6 buffaloes, 2 of them were dropped to the slaughterhouse prior to entering Kathmandu and 2 of them were taken away right after our founder stopped them. Witnessing this animal cruelty, she immediately took action and rescued Caryl and Nola whose condition was worse.  They were scared of humans and did not eat properly when they were rescued to the shelter. The torture and abuse they had to go through before being rescued made them traumatized to a level where they might have never thought that, even they deserve love and care from humans. They now live and enjoy life like every other living being in this world. 

In spite of laws and standards implemented for live animal transportation, people do not take it seriously and these animals have to endure pain and suffering for hours. Putting an end to animal cruelty has always been our foremost goal for Sneha’s Care and we are working on it and will be giving continuity to it until the standards  are followed by everyone.




“From Slaughterhouse to Sneha’s Care: The Tale of MAYAKUMARI

On August 2, 2023, I was rescued and named as Mayakumari. From my birth till the day I was rescued, I was not given any name. For my whole life, I was treated as a milk producing machine and compelled to give birth every year. I used to give birth and my children would not be allowed to drink my milk properly as it was a medium for my owner to earn money by selling milk. After a few months of their birth, they used to send my children for meat purposes.

This was the life I was living; giving birth and seeing my children sent away for meat. As time passed by and I became older, I could no longer produce milk. My owner realized that I am unproductive for them and they decided to sell me. For all these years, I was used by my owner to earn money and when it was their turn to care for me, they sold me for extra money. I was unaware where I was being transported to. My tail and nose were tightly tied and there were 40-42 buffaloes like me in that congested space where all were tied up and the truck was carrying more than its capacity.

We were being thrown inside like we were some cargo boxes. 25-26 hours of long journey where we could not even rest and no food/water was provided to us. I felt suffocated inside that truck and some of my friends had bokeh horns, bleeding nose and wounds on body. I was in pain due to the rope which was tied up so tightly along my tail. Finally, we reached the slaughterhouse where we were dragged and taken inside the slaughterhouse. People used to call us by saying ”Maal”, which means items or products. There were numbers written in our body. I was number 9. I heard people saying, the products are here, take them inside. It was around 1 pm, and we were inside a dark room. Everyone was being taken outside one by one from that dark room. Finally, it was my turn, I was taken outside and could see my friends lying on the floor. I thought it was the last day of my life.

A sharp, agonizing pain pierced my head as a cruel hammer struck me with brutal force. The world around me blurred, and my vision swirled with darkness. I collapsed to the ground, my body wracked with pain. With every ounce of strength I could muster, I forced myself to stand. I stumbled and staggered, but something drove me forward. I had to escape this place of horror. I broke free from the confines of the slaughterhouse. While running down the streets, my head throbbed with pain, and my vision remained hazy. I was bleeding from my perineal area, but I couldn’t stop. Out of fear and panic, I charged down the streets, inadvertently colliding with anything and anyone in my path. I collided with people, taxi and scooter whoever and whatever was in my way.

People screamed and fled from my path, and news of a rampaging buffalo spread like wildfire. I became content for the news reporters and there were cameras who were filming me. I ran inside the school premise and the gate was locked after I went inside. I was surrounded by people in no time and everyone was looking at me from the roof of their houses, taking my videos and photos. Some were calling me “Momo, Murra and many other names”. Nobody had the intention to save me, they could not understand why and how I was in that place. For one buffalo, there were thousands of people surrounding me. It seemed like I was a terrorist to them. The authorities were called in, and the order was given to shoot me on sight. I was a danger to myself and everyone around me, they claimed. Just when it seemed like all hope was lost, a guardian angel appeared on the scene. Sneha Shrestha, a compassionate animal rights activist, had heard about my plight on the news. She rushed to the scene, determined to save me from a fate worse than death.Sneha understood that I was not a monster but a terrified and wounded soul in desperate need of help. She pleaded with the authorities to spare my life and allow her to intervene. Her words were passionate and heartfelt, and she managed to convince them to give her a chance. I was provided with tranquilizer shots. I cannot recall how many times they used it to control me and make me unconscious.

When I opened my eyes, I was surrounded by kind-hearted souls who understood the pain and suffering I endured. I was covered with a blanket and was kept on medication. I may carry the scars of my past, both physical and emotional, but I have found solace and happiness in the company of those who fought for my survival. My journey from the brink of death to a life of peace and sanctuary is an evidence to the resilience of all beings, and the unwavering dedication of individuals like Sneha Shrestha and the team who remind us that

Compassion and love can triumph over cruelty and despair.


Related Campaign